TAWARIKH: Journal of Historical Studies. This journal, with print-ISSN 2085-0980 and online-ISSN 2685-2284, was firstly published on October 28, 2009, in the context to commemorate the Youth Pledge Day in Indonesia. The TAWARIKH journal was organized by the Lecturers of Faculty of Adab and Humanities UIN SGD (State Islamic University, Sunan Gunung Djati) in Bandung, West Java, Indonesia, since issue of April 2016 to October 2017; and published by Minda Masagi Suci and ASPENSI (International Association for Historians and History Educators) in Bandung, West Java, Indonesia.

The TAWARIKH journal is published every April and October. This journal is dedicated not only for Indonesian scholars who concern about History Education and Historical Studies, but also welcome to the scholars of Southeast Asian countries and around the world who care and share related to the History Education and Historical Studies in general. 

The TAWARIKH journal is devoted, but not limited to, history education, historical studies, and any new development and advancement in the field of history education and historical studies. The scope of our journal includes: (1) History Education and National Character Building; (2) Political, Social, Cultural and Educational History; (3) Education, History, and Social Awareness; (4) Economic History and Welfare State; (5) Science, Technology and Society in Historical Perspectives; (6) Religion and Philosophy in Historical Perspectives; and (7) Visual Arts, Dance, Music, and Design in Historical Perspectives.

For Indonesian scholars, it is important to note here that the TAWARIKH journal has been accredited by Ditjendikti Kemdikbud RI (Directorate-General of Higher Education, Ministry of Education and Culture of the Republic of Indonesia) for period 2012 to 2017; and also indexed by Google Scholar as well as SINTA (Science and Technology Indexing) Level 2 owned by Kemenristekdikti (Ministry of Research, Technology, and Higher Education of the Republic of Indonesia) in Jakarta.

Since early 2016, the website of TAWARIKH journal has migrated to website based on OJS (Open Journal System) program at: www.journals.mindamas.com/index.php/tawarikh. However, the conventional e-mail address for sending the articles is still able to: tawarikh.journal2009@gmail.com and mindamas.journals@gmail.com

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Foreword for
TAWARIKH: Journal of Historical Studies
Volume 14(1), October 2022.

Andi SUWIRTA, M.Hum.
A Lecturer at the Study Programof History Education FPIPS UPI (Faculty of Social Studies Education, Indonesia University of Education); and Secretary-General of ASPENSI (International Association for Historians and History Educators) in Bandung, West Java, Indonesia. E-mail: suciandi@upi.edu 

Study history, actually, to understand what really happened in the past. To understand what really happened in the past, it is not as easy as imagined. Because when trying to reconstruct historical facts in the past, they are often trapped in the discourse between "history as it happened" and "history should have happened". It is clear that the latest genre of historical discourse will not help to understand the past objectively and correctly, because historical facts have been interpreted and reconstructed according to "the will and desire of the author".

History for political purposes, or other interests outside of academic purposes, is often a discourse about how events in history should and/or should occur. This is driven by the desire, for example, that understanding social reality alone, including history, is not enough. What is important is precisely wanting to change these social realities, including history, for interests and purposes outside the academic domain. If that happens, then history has become a political discourse whose explanations are full of imperative and subjective words. In fact, to be able to change social reality properly and comprehensively, it is necessary to first understand the problem objectively and comprehensively.

The articles presented in the TAWARIKH journal, October 2022 edition, trying to study the events that occurred in the past, with an objective explanation and a comprehensive understanding. But indeed, objectivity in reconstructing history is impossible to reach 100 percent. There must be subjective elements in it, when the author tries to reconstruct the past as objectively as possible. However, researching and writing history for academic purposes will obviously reduce the heavy subjectivity and strive to achieve maximum objective explanation.

The first article, written by Rockangel Jamoral & Agnes S. Reyes of the Philippines, entitled The Implication of the Beliefs and Practices of the Calinga of Northern Luzon, Philippines to Indigenous Peoples Education”. This article attempts to identify, describe, and document the beliefs and practices in the life of the Calinga in San Mariano, Isabela across the different life stages from birth to death, and its implication to indigenous education. There are important socio-cultural beliefs and practices attached in each life stage that are unique from other ethnic groups.

The second article, written by, Muhamad Tisna Nugraha of Indonesia, entitled “Inscription of Surau Baitannur in Pontianak, West Kalimantan, Indonesia”. The results of a review of the Surau Baitannur inscription revealed information that Surau Baittanur inscription is a legacy from the Pontianak Sultanate during the first Sultan's reign, namely Sultan Syarif Abdurrahman Alkadrie. The Surau Baitannur inscription was established on Sunday, 29 November 1801 AD (Anno Domini).

The third article, written by Johan Wahyudhi & M. Dien Madjid of Indonesia, entitled “When Water Makes Civilization: The Role of Rivers in Bangka Island in the XVIII-XIX Century”. This study aims to find the contribution of rivers in the formation of human civilization and to examine the role of rivers in Bangka Island around the XVIII-XIX century. The results of this study indicate that the river in Bangka Island is the main route used as a medium for the movement of people and goods, which are transported by ship.  

The fourth article, written by Retno Winarni of Indonesia, entitled “Dynastic Politics: The Culture of Regent’s Appointment in the Past and Present Java, Indonesia”. The result of this study is that in the era of pre-Indonesian independence (Dutch colonial government), dynastic politics was implemented by appointing Regent candidates from the descendants of Regents or other bureaucratic elite families. On the other hand, the dynastic politics at the era of post Indonesian independence (1945 to date) was not only based on descent, or blood relations, but also business networks and interest groups.

Lastly, the fifth article, written by Suwirta, Nana Supriatna & Ismail Ali of Indonesia and Malaysia, entitled “Implementation of the Independent Learning Concept in Understanding Contemporary and Controversial History in Indonesia and Malaysia”. This article examines Creative Pedagogy, an art of teaching which offers new perspectives and ways to develop the ability of educators and students involved in History Education. The process of learning History, dealing with contemporary events and controversial issues in History Textbooks for Secondary Schools, must free educators and participants from the confines of an uncreative tradition.

Do enjoy reading the scientific articles in the TAWARIKH journal, October 2022 edition. Hopefully there will be many benefits. 

Bandung, West Java, Indonesia: October 30, 2022.

Journal Cover of TAWARIKH, Edition of October 2022:

Organized and Published by:


Minda Masagi Suci and ASPENSI (International Association for Historians and History Educators) in Bandung, West Java, Indonesia. Website: www.mindamas.com  

The website of KEMENRISTEKDIKTI RI (Ministry of Research, Technology, and Higher Education of the Republic of Indonesia) in Jakarta related to the scholarly journals is also available online at: http://simlitabmas.ristekdikti.go.id

Vol 14, No 1 (2022)

Table of Contents


Rockangel Jamoral, Agnes S Reyes
Abstract views: 1750       PDF downloads: 382
Muhamad Tisna Nugraha
Abstract views: 718       PDF downloads: 140
Johan Wahyudhi, M Dien Madjid
Abstract views: 362       PDF downloads: 101
Retno Winarni
Abstract views: 282       PDF downloads: 113
Suwirta Suwirta, Nana Supriatna, Ismail Ali
Abstract views: 288       PDF downloads: 113
Editor Journal TAWARIKH
Abstract views: 144       PDF downloads: 45
Editor Journal TAWARIKH
Abstract views: 150       PDF downloads: 45
Editor Journal TAWARIKH
Abstract views: 162       PDF downloads: 48