Skandal Kewangan 1MDB dan Tumbangnya Kuasa Politik Najib Razak, 2009-2018 di Malaysia: Satu Tinjauan

Nur Nadzmira binti Abdullah Julkifli, Haji Awang Asbol bin Haji Mail, Nani Suryani binti Haji Abu Bakar

Abstract


RESUME: Syarikat 1MDB (1Malaysia Development Berhad) ditubuhkan dengan harapan supaya ekonomi Malaysia dapat dibangunkan lagi. Akan tetapi, syarikat ini telah menempah nama di mata dunia, bukan kerana kejayaan syarikat itu, tetapi sebaliknya kerana skandal atau isu besar yang timbul berhubung dengan syarikat tersebut. Seorang ahli perniagaan dari Malaysia bernama Jho Taek Low telah didakwa merupakan perancang utama skandal 1MDB. Apa yang menonjol dari isu ini juga ialah penglibatan Perdana Menteri yang juga selaku Menteri Kewangan I, Najib Razak sendiri, dalam skandal tersebut. Artikel ini – dengan mengguna-pakai pendekatan kualitatif, kaedah sejarah, dan sorotan literatur – mengkaji kaitan Najib Razak dengan skandal 1MDB. Artikel ini turut melihat skandal 1MDB berupaya menyumbang kepada kejatuhan kuasa politik Najib Razak di Malaysia.

KATA KUNCI: 1Malaysia Development Berhad; Skandal Najib Razak; Pilihan Raya Umum di Malaysia. 

ABSTRACT: “The Financial Scandal of 1MDB and the Downfall of Najib Razak’s Political Power (2009-2018) in Malaysia: A Review”. 1MDB (1Malaysia Development Berhad) company was established to hope that the economy of Malaysia could be further developed. However, the company has been renowned in the eyes of the world not because of its success, but rather because of the scandal or major issues arising in connection with the company. A Malaysian businessman named Jho Taek Low has been accused of being the mastermind behind the 1MDB scandal. What stands out from this issue is the involvement of the Prime Minister, who was also the Finance Minister I, Najib Razak himself, in the scandal. This article – using a qualitative approach, historical methods, and literature review – examines Najib Razak’s connection with 1MDB scandal. This article also discusses the extent to which the 1MDB scandal could contribute to the downfall of Najib Razak's political power in Malaysia.

KEY WORD: 1Malaysia Development Berhad; Najib Razak Scandal; General Election in Malaysia.

    

Mengenai Penulis: Nur Nadzmira binti Abdullah Julkifli ialah Pelajar Pascasiswazah di Jabatan Pengajian Sejarah dan Antarabangsa, Fakulti Sastra dan Sains Sosial UBD (Universiti Brunei Darussalam). Prof. Madya Dr. Haji Awang Asbol bin Haji Mail dan Dr. Nani Suryani binti Haji Abu Bakar ialah Pensyarah di Jabatan Pengajian Sejarah dan Antarabangsa, Fakulti Sastra dan Sains Sosial UBD di Bandar Seri Begawan, Negara Brunei Darussalam. E-mail Penulis: nadzmira.j@gmail.com, asbol.mail@ubd.edu.bn, dan nani.bakar@ubd.edu.bn

Cara Mengutip: Julkifli, Nur Nadzmira binti Abdullah, Haji Awang Asbol bin Haji Mail & Nani Suryani binti Haji Abu Bakar. (2022). “Skandal Kewangan 1MDB dan Tumbangnya Kuasa Politik Najib Razak, 2009-2018 di Malaysia: Satu Tinjauan” dalam SOSIOHUMANIKA: Jurnal Pendidikan Sains Sosial dan Kemanusiaan, Volume 15(2), November, hlm.59-90. Bandung, Jawa Barat, Indonesia: Minda Masagi Suci dan ASPENSI (Asosiasi Sejarawan dan Pendidik Sejarah Internasional), ISSN 1979-0112 (print) dan ISSN 2622-6855 (online).

Riwayat Artikel: Diterima (September 9, 2022); Direvisi (Oktober 5, 2022); Diterbitkan (30 November, 2022).


Keywords


1Malaysia Development Berhad; Skandal Najib Razak; Pilihan Raya Umum di Malaysia

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.2121/sosiohumanika.v15i2.1494

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