Literature and Nature: The Erasure of Dualism

Siti Hajar Che Man, Suzana Muhammad


ABSTRACT: The depiction of women’s subjugation and subordination of women is prevalence and feminist critics determines to dismantle the ideology of patriarchal dominance to create awareness about the positioning and rules of women in society. This paper intends to explore the author’s depiction of nature associated with the formation of women’s self. Karen Warren (1997) indicates that trees, water, animal, toxics, and nature language are feminist issues because understanding them helps one understand the status and plight of women cross-culturally. The depiction of natural environment and the position of women will be explored in detail to understand and criticizes author’s perception toward nature and woman. The author’s uses of domestic animal like a bird and a cat to symbolize the women’s need for companionship but this also connotes to women dependency. Women’s uses of natural flower and faunas as women’s fragrance are significance and the author acknowledges women’s knowledge of natural products that are available around the house. The paper also explores the metaphors that are associated the portrayal of the unattended local trees that surrounding the neglected “Rumah Limas potongan Perak” house which relates the image of Sangeetha’s physical being. Using Taiping in Perak, Malaysia as the setting, the author’s depiction of the natural floral and faunas is densely coalesced with the preservation of natural heritage that reflects the author’s attitude toward nature and environment. Finally, this paper explores in detail the reciprocal relationship between literature and nature by examining natural heritages elements related to the northern region of peninsular Malaysia that uniquely illustrated through the novel.

KEY WORD: Subordination, ecofeminist, companionship, patriarchal, and environment.


About the Authors: Assoc. Prof. Dr. Siti Hajar Che Man is a Senior Lecturer at Literature Section, School of Humanities USM (Science University of Malaysia), 11800 Minden, Pulau Pinang, Malaysia; and Dr. Suzana Muhammad is also a Senior Lecturer at English Language and Literature Section, School of Humanities USM (Science University of Malaysia). They can be reached at: and

How to cite this article? Che Man, Siti Hajar & Suzana Muhammad. (2011). “Literature and Nature: The Erasure of Dualism” in ATIKAN: Jurnal Kajian Pendidikan, Vol.1(2) Desember, pp.157-170. Bandung, Indonesia: Minda Masagi Press owned by ASPENSI in Bandung, ISSN 2088-1290.

Chronicle of the article: Accepted (October 28, 2011); Revised (November 29, 2011); and Published (December 15, 2011).

Full Text:



Azizi Haji Abdullah. (2006). Sangeetha. Kuala Lumpur: Dewan Bahasa dan Pustaka.

Murphy, Patrick. (1995). Literature, Nature, and Other: Ecofeminist Critiques. New York: State University of New York Press.

Sydee, Jasmin & Sahron Beder. (2001). “Democracy and Nature” in The International Journal of Inclusive Democracy, Vol.7, No.2 [July].

Warren, Karen [ed]. (1997). Ecofeminist: Women, Culture, and Nature. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.




  • There are currently no refbacks.

Creative Commons License
ATIKAN: Jurnal Kajian Pendidikan. This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License

View My Stats