The Hajj in Indonesia and Brunei Darussalam in XIX – XX AD: A Comparison Study

Johan Wahyudi, M. Dien Madjid

Abstract


ABSTRACT: Hajj is a Muslim worship service that has a broad social dimension. This annual ritual moves Muslims, who are able physically and mentally from all over the world, to come to Mecca, Saudi Arabia. This migration is a unique episode, which is examined in its historical aspect. There are changes in modes of transportation, management, motivation, and many other things, which are interesting humanitarian problems for further research. Indonesia and Brunei Darussalam are two countries that have a long history of Hajj. This article – using the qualitative approach and historical method – explained how the pilgrimage journey in the two countries took place. The comparison method is put forward to see how the two countries view the hajj. Some things that are focused on are transportation, hajj management, and motivation of pilgrims to get to Mecca. It is known, apart from the obligation of Hajj in Islam, there are a number of other factors which underlie the desire to perform Hajj, among them are to increase Islamic knowledge while increasing prestige in the community. The data presentation model put forward refers to the chronological order, by presenting findings that are supported by authoritative references. Raising the history of the Hajj to the public, as well as promoting the themes of social history. However, history is not only based on political description alone, but also expanded with social description. Human life and the problems that surround it, not continuously to fight for power, but also to live life in a broader dimension to be studied, one of which is how they can get to a distant place in order to carry out religious missions. Indonesia and Brunei Darussalam have experience about this to be able to ignite historical studies with similar themes in the future.

KEY WORDS: History of Hajj; Management of Hajj; Indonesia and Brunei Darussalam.

  

About the Authors: Johan Wahyudi, M.Hum. is a Lecturer and Historian at the STAI (College of Islamic Religion) Al-Aqidah al-Hasyimiyyah Jakarta, Jalan Kayumanis Barat No.99, Matraman, Kayu Manis, Jakarta Timur, Jakarta, Indonesia. Prof. Dr. M. Dien Madjid is a Professor of History at the UIN (State Islamic University) Syarif Hidayatullah Jakarta, Jalan Tarumanegara No.17-B, Pisangan, Ciputat Timur, Ciputat, Tangerang Selatan, Banten, Indonesia. For academic interests, the Authors are able to be contacted via e-mails address at: johan7790@yahoo.com  and dr.dienmadjid@yahoo.com

Suggested Citation: Wahyudi, Johan & M. Dien Madjid. (2020). “The Hajj in Indonesia and Brunei Darussalam in XIX – XX AD: A Comparison Study” in TAWARIKH: Journal of Historical Studies, Volume 11(2), April, pp.91-102. Bandung, Indonesia: Minda Masagi Press owned by ASPENSI, with ISSN 2085-0980 (print) and ISSN 2685-2284 (online).

Article Timeline: Accepted (January 15, 2020); Revised (March 11, 2020); and Published (April 30, 2020).


Keywords


History of Hajj; Management of Hajj; Indonesia and Brunei Darussalam

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.2121/tawarikh.v11i2.1304

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