The Role of Uthman bin Foduye in Establishing Centre of Islamic Learning in Hausaland, Northern Nigeria: A Comparative Study of Pondok System in Kelantan, Malaysia

Shuaibu Umar Gokaru, Ahmad Faisal Abdul Hamid, Aizan binti Ali Mat Zin

Abstract


ABSTRACT: Nigerian society, Hausaland in particular, had witnessed the emergence of various Islamic scholars from the outset of the 14th century, who played a substantial role in reforming the religious, social, and political life of the people. Nevertheless, the most prominent whose religious reform remains in the mind of thousands of Nigerians was Uthman bin Foduye, who emerged in the 19th century. This paper, by using the historical method and descriptive-qualitative approaches, entirely relies on the historical record by examining and comparing between the systems of Islamic learning in Northern Nigeria and “Pondok” (Islamic boarding school) system in Kelantan, Malaysia. The finding reveals that for a long period of time, since in the 19th century to date, Northern Nigerian system of Islamic learning in its traditional nature was quite similar to that of “Pondok” system in Kelantan State of Malaysia, which produced the majority Muslim scholars of the country. Most among the common features that both regions shared are: “Makarantan Allo” (elementary schools), which is similar to “Pondok”, by extension, it includes “Halaqa” (study circle), “Talakki” (face-to-face learning), and “Tuk” and “Malam” (teacher). This signifies that despite the variation of regions, cultures, and languages, their systems are almost the same. It may conclude that Islamic learning seemed to have similar system everywhere in the globe. This testifies the universality of Islamic religion.

KEY WORDS: Uthman bin Foduye; Islamic Centre; Pondok System; Hausaland in Nigeria; Kelantan in Malaysia.

    

About the Authors: Shuaibu Umar Gokaru is a Ph.D. Candidate at the Department of Islamic History and Civilization, Academy of Islamic Studies UM (University of Malaya), 50603 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia; and a Lecturer at the Department of Islamic Studies, Faculty of Arts and Education BSU (Bauchi State University), Gadau, Nigeria. Dr. Ahmad Faisal Abdul Hamid and Dr. Aizan binti Ali Mat Zin are Senior Lecturers at the Department of Islamic History and Civilization, Academy of Islamic Studies UM, 50603 Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Correspondong authors: gokarushuaibu@gmail.com, faisal@um.edu.my, and aizan@um.edu.my

Suggested Citation: Gokaru, Shuaibu Umar, Ahmad Faisal Abdul Hamid & Aizan binti Ali Mat Zin. (2018). “The Role of Uthman bin Foduye in Establishing Centre of Islamic Learning in Hausaland, Northern Nigeria: A Comparative Study of Pondok System in Kelantan, Malaysia” in TAWARIKH: International Journal for Historical Studies, Volume 9(2), April, pp.125-136. Bandung, Indonesia: Minda Masagi Press owned by ASPENSI, ISSN 2085-0980.

Article Timeline: Accepted (January 28, 2018); Revised (March 24, 2018); and Published (April 30, 2018).


Keywords


Uthman bin Foduye; Islamic Centre; Pondok System; Hausaland in Nigeria; Kelantan in Malaysia

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References


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DOI: https://doi.org/10.2121/tawarikh.v9i2.1010

DOI (PDF): https://doi.org/10.2121/tawarikh.v9i2.1010.g907

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