Critical Analysis on Islamophobia, Politics of Misunderstanding, and Religious Fundamentalism

Hilal Wani, Sakina Khazir

Abstract


ABSTRACT: This research paper, using the qualitative approaches and literature review, is a scholarly attempt to encounter the misunderstanding and wrong practices of some of the Muslims and non-Muslims, which give birth to fundamentalism, radicalism, and extremism. The findings show that Islam, like any other religion, has from the very outset stressed on peace with all humankind. Practicing and preaching Islam wrongly would be injustice with the book of Holy Al-Qur’an and the Prophets teachings. Another narrative is Islamophobia debate of anti-Islamic forces. The Muslim world and other religions cannot survive without moderation and good character. Nevertheless, the theory of “spiritual goal of Islam” and the real meaning of “jihad” (hard effort) are paramount theoretical dimensions for moderation purposes. It can be said based on research that peace can be established at the global level, when Muslims and non-Muslims will have good character, moral behaviour, and moderation in their religious practices. And another dimension is moderation principle, which may bring unity among the world religions. In other words, moderation in religion may be the real panacea not only to the Islamophobia debate, but other phobias in other religions. Hence, the principles of peace of the world religions must be emphasised if world religions want to live in peace and harmony. Civilizational dialogue and commonalities of world religions can be used as an alternative to bridge the gap.

KEY WORD: Radicalism; Misunderstanding on Islam; Islamophobia; Moderation; World Peace. 

ABSTRAKSI: “Analisis Kritis tentang Islamofobia, Politik Kesalahpahaman, dan Fundamentalisme Agama”. Makalah penelitian ini, dengan menggunakan pendekatan kualitatif dan tinjauan literatur, merupakan upaya ilmiah untuk menghadapi kesalahpahaman dan praktek salah dari beberapa Muslim dan non-Muslim, yang melahirkan fundamentalisme, radikalisme, dan ekstremisme. Temuan menunjukan bahwa Islam, seperti agama lain, sejak awal menekankan pada perdamaian dengan semua umat manusia. Amalan dan dakwah Islam yang keliru tidak sesuai dengan kitab suci Al-Qur'an dan ajaran para Nabi. Narasi lain adalah debat Islamofobia dari kekuatan-kekuatan anti-Islam. Dunia Islam dan agama-agama lain tidak dapat bertahan tanpa moderasi dan karakter yang baik. Namun demikian, teori “tujuan spiritual Islam” dan makna sebenarnya dari “jihad” (usaha sungguh-sungguh) adalah sangat penting dalam dimensi teoritis untuk tujuan moderasi. Dapat dikatakan berdasarkan penelitian bahwa perdamaian dapat dibangun di tingkat global, ketika Muslim dan non-Muslim memiliki karakter, perilaku moral, dan moderasi yang baik dalam praktek keagamaan mereka. Dan dimensi lain adalah prinsip moderasi, yang dapat membawa persatuan di antara agama-agama dunia. Dengan kata lain, moderasi dalam agama mungkin merupakan obat mujarab yang sebenarnya tidak hanya untuk debat Islamofobia, tetapi juga fobia terhadap agama-agama lainnya. Karenanya, prinsip-prinsip perdamaian agama-agama harus ditekankan jika agama-agama dunia ingin hidup dalam damai dan harmoni. Dialog peradaban dan kesamaan agama-agama dunia dapat digunakan sebagai alternatif untuk menjembatani kesenjangan.

KATA KUNCI: Radikalisme; Kesalahpahaman tentang Islam; Islamophobia; Moderasi; Perdamaian Dunia.

  

About the Authors: Dr. Hilal Wani is an Assistant Professor at the Department of Political Science, Government Degree College Sopore, Jammu and Kashmir, India. Sakina Khazir is a Research Scholar at the Department of Philosophy AMU (Aligarh Muslim University) in Uttar Pradesh, India. Corresponding authors: wanihilal@gmail.com and saku.wani99@gmail.com   

Suggested Citation: Wani, Hilal & Sakina Khazir. (2018). “Critical Analysis on Islamophobia, Politics of Misunderstanding, and Religious Fundamentalism” in INSANCITA: Journal of Islamic Studies in Indonesia and Southeast Asia, Volume 3(2), August, pp.99-116. Bandung, West Java, Indonesia: Minda Masagi Press owned by ASPENSI with ISSN 2443-1776 (print).

Article Timeline: Accepted (March 11, 2018); Revised (July 3, 2018); and Published (August 31, 2018).


Keywords


Radicalism; Misunderstanding on Islam; Islamophobia; Moderation; World Peace

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