Gender and Life Satisfaction of Workers in Tembagapura, Papua, Indonesia

Errisa Dwi Siswandani, Rudihartono Ismail, Sahrail Robo

Abstract


ABSTRACT: Tembagapura is a mountainous area in Mimika Regency, Papua Province, Indonesia, which is rich in natural resources, so that this area has its own charm; so it is also chosen as a place to live by people from many different regions from all over Indonesia. Based on observation, people generally come to Tembagapura for working as their effort to improve their well-being. The aim of this study was to examine the contribution of gender on life satisfaction of non-home region workers. The respondents of this study were the people, who live in Tembagapura, Papua, Indonesia. Ex-post facto prospective research was conducted by involving 60 men and 40 women working in Tembagapura (N = 100). The instrument in this study used SWLS (Satisfaction With Life Scale) by providing five important questions concerning the self-evaluation of respondents by comparing them to the predetermined standards. Data were processed using linear regression analysis. The results of regression analysis showed that the coefficient of determination is  = 0.074, which means that 7.4% variance of life satisfaction variable is affected by the gender, while the other 92.6% is affected by the other variables. There is a significant effect of gender on life satisfaction of workers living in Tembagapura, Papua, Indonesia, with p = 0.000 (<0.05). It can be concluded that gender can be used to predict the life satisfaction of workers living in Tembagapura, Papua, Indonesia.

KEY WORDS: Life Satisfaction; Gender; Workers Living in Tembagapura.

    

About the Authors: Errisa Dwi Siswandani, Dr. Rudihartono Ismail, and Sahrail Robo are the Lecturers at the STISIP (Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Sosial dan Ilmu Politik or College of Social and Political Sciences) Amal Ilmiah YAPIS (Yayasan Pendidikan Islam or Islamic Education Foundation) in Wamena, Papua, Indonesia. For academic interests, the Authors are able to be contacted via e-mails address at: errisa.dwisand@gmail.com, rudihartonoismail6889@gmail.com, and  sahrailrobo811@gmail.com

Suggested Citation: Siswandani, Errisa Dwi, Rudihartono Ismail & Sahrail Robo. (2019). “Gender and Life Satisfaction of Workers in Tembagapura, Papua, Indonesia” in HONAI: International Journal for Educational, Social, Political & Cultural Studies, Volume 2(1), May, pp.17-26. Bandung, Indonesia: Minda Masagi Press owned by ASPENSI and STISIP Amal Ilmiah, Wamena, Papua, with ISSN 2621-1653 (print) and ISSN 2621-3621 (online).

Article Timeline: Accepted (March 24, 2019); Revised (April 21, 2019); and Published (May 30, 2019).


Keywords


Life Satisfaction; Gender; Workers Living in Tembagapura

Full Text:

PDF

References


Akhter, Sana. (2015). “Psychological Well-Being in Student of Gender Difference” in The International Journal of Indian Psychology, pp.2348-5396.

Alston, J.P. & C.J. Dudley. (1973). “Age, Occupation, and Life Satisfaction” in The Gerontologist, Volume 13(1), pp.58-61. doi:10.1093/geront/13.1.58.

Ananta, A., D.R.W.W. Utami & N.B. Handayani. (2016). “Statistics on Ethnic Diversity in the Land of Papua, Indonesia” in Asia & the Pacific Policy Studies, Volume 3, Issue 3 [September], pp.458-474. Available online also at: https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1002/app5.143 [accessed in Wamena, Papua, Indonesia: April 1, 2018].

Anderson, Bobby. (2017). “Putting Indonesian Papua’s

Tensions in Context” in The Interpreter, on November 28. Available online also at: https://www.lowyinstitute.org/the-interpreter/putting-indonesian-papua-s-tensions-context [accessed in Wamena, Papua, Indonesia: April 1, 2018].

Anggraeni, Deni Tri & Irwan Nuryana Kurniawan. (2012). “Self-Compassion and Satisfaction with Life: A Preliminary Study on Indonesian College Students”. Available online at: http://www.ipedr.com/vol53/023-BCPS2012-C10023.pdf [accessed in Wamena, Papua, Indonesia: April 8, 2018].

Bailey, T. & C.R. Snyder. (2007). “Satisfaction with Life and Hope: A Look at Age and Marital Status” in The Psychological Record, Volume 57, pp.233-240.

Balkis, Murat & Erdinc Duru. (2017). “Gender Differences in the Relationship between Academic Procrastination, Satifaction with Academic Life, and Academic Performance” in Electronic Journal of Research in Educational Psychology, Vol.15, No.1, pp.105-125. Available online also at: https://www.redalyc.org/pdf/2931/293150349004.pdf [accessed in Wamena, Papua, Indonesia: April 17, 2018].

Bauw, L. & B. Sugiono. (2009). “Pengaturan Hak Masyarakat Hukum Adat di Papua dalam Pemanfaatan Sumber Daya Alam” in Jurnal Konstitusi, Volume 1(1), pp.104-132.

Berg, Jodi L. (2015). “The Role of Personal Purpose and Personal Goals in Symbiotic Visions” in Frontiers in Psychology, Volume 6 [April]. Available online also at: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4396129/ [accessed in Wamena, Papua, Indonesia: April 1, 2018].

Boo, F.L., L. Madrigal & C. Pages. (2010). “Part-Time Work, Gender, and Job Satisfaction: Evidence from a Developing Country” in The Journal of Development Studies, Volume 46, Issue 9. Available online also at: https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/00220388.2010.492864 [accessed in Wamena, Papua, Indonesia: April 21, 2018].

Box, George E.P. & Norman Draper. (2007). Response Surfaces, Mixtures, and Ridge Analysis . USA [United States of America]: Wiley, 2nd edition.

Bronk, K.C. et al. (2009). “Purpose, Hope, and Life Satisfaction in Three Age Groups” in Journal of Positive Psychology, Vol.4, No.6, pp.500-510.

Cagle, John B. (2017). “A Study of the Life Satisfaction of Students and its Effect on Their Academic Achievement”. Unpublished Doctoral Dissertation. Canada: The Faculty of the Education Department, Carson-Newman University. Available online also at: https://www.cn.edu/libraries/tiny_mce/tiny_mce/plugins/filemanager/files/Dissertations/Dissertations2017/John_B_Cagle.pdf [accessed in Wamena, Papua, Indonesia: April 1, 2018].

Chambers, John et al. (1983). Graphical Methods for Data Analysis. USA [United States of America]: Wadsworth.

Cronbach, L.J. (1951). “Coefficient Alpha and the Internal Structure of Tests” in Psychometrika, Volume 16(3), pp.297-334.

Cudworth, Erika. (1998). “Gender, Nature, and Dominance: An Analysis of Interconnections between Patriarchy and Anthroparchy, Using Examples of Meat and Pornography”. Unpublished Ph.D. Thesis. UK [United Kingdom]: School of Sociology and Social Policy, the University of Leeds. Available online also at: https://core.ac.uk/download/pdf/42606047.pdf [accessed in Wamena, Papua, Indonesia: April 8, 2018].

Cummins, R.A. (2003). “Normative Life Satisfaction: Measurement Issues and a Homeostatic Model” in Social Indicators Research, Volume 64, pp.225-256.

Darling-Hammond, Linda et al. (2019). “Implications for Educational Practice of the Science of Learning and Development” in Applied Developmental Science, on February. Available online also at: https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/10.1080/10888691.2018.1537791 [accessed in Wamena, Papua, Indonesia: March 11, 2019].

Diener, E. et al. (1985). “The Satisfaction with Life Scale” in Journal of Personality Assessment, Volume 49, pp.71-75.

Diener, E. et al. (1999). “Subjective Well-Being: Three Decades of Progress” in Psychological Bulletin, Volume 125, pp.276-302.

Eckert, Penelope & Sally McConnell Ginet. (2017). Language and Gender. Cambridge and New York: Cambridge University Press, second edition.

Emanuel, F. et al. (2018). “A Crossover Study From a Gender Perspective: The Relationship Between Job Insecurity, Job Satisfaction, and Partners’ Family Life Satisfaction” in Frontiers in Psychology, on August 15. Available online also at: https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fpsyg.2018.01481/full [accessed in Wamena, Papua, Indonesia: February 5, 2019].

Ford, M. & L. Parker. (2008). “Thinking about Indonesian Women and Work” in M. Ford & L. Parker [eds]. Women and Work in Indonesia. London and New York: Routledge, pp.1-16. Available online also at: https://ses.library.usyd.edu.au/bitstream/handle/2123/17645/Postprint_Thinking [accessed in Wamena, Papua, Indonesia: April 8, 2018].

Forthofer, R.N. & M. Hernandez. (2017). “Probability Distributions”. Available online at: https://www.sciencedirect.com/topics/mathematics/normal-probability-plot [accessed in Wamena, Papua, Indonesia: April 17, 2018].

Friedman, H.S. & M.W. Schustack. (2008). Kepribadian: Teori Klasik dan Riset Modern, Jilid 2. Jakarta: Penerbit Erlangga, Translation, edisi ketiga.

Frost, Jim. (2017). “Choosing the Correct Type of Regression Analysis”. Available online at: https://statisticsbyjim.com/regression/choosing-regression-analysis/ [accessed in Wamena, Papua, Indonesia: April 8, 2018].

Gadermann, A.M., K.A. Schonert-Reichl & B.D. Zumbo. (2010). “Investigating Validity Evidence of the Satisfaction With Life Scale Adapted for Children” in Social Indicators Research, Volume 96, pp.229-247.

Garaigordobil, Maite. (2015). “Predictor Variables of Happiness and its Connection with Risk and Protective Factors for Health” in Frontiers of Psychology, Volume 6:1176 [August]. Available online also at: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4532923/ [accessed in Wamena, Papua, Indonesia: April 8, 2018].

Godman, Marion. (2018). “Gender as a Historical Kind: A Tale of Two Genders?” in Biology & Philosophy, Volume 33(3), May. Available online also at: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5943372/ [accessed in Wamena, Papua, Indonesia: February 9, 2019].

Grawitch, M.J., M. Gottschalk & D.C. Munz. (2006). “The Path to a Healthy Workplace: A Critical Review Linking Healthy Workplace Practices, Employee Well-Being, and Organizational Improvements” in Consulting Psychology Journal: Practice and Research, Volume 58(3), pp.129-147.

Greenstein, Theodore N. (2016). “Gender, Marital Status, and Life Satisfaction: A Cross-National Study”. Paper presented at the Annual Meetings of the American Sociological Association, in Seattle, USA [United States of America], on August 21.

Grosjean, P. & R.C. Brooks. (2017). “Persistent Effect of Sex Ratios on Relationship Quality and Life Satisfaction” in Philosophical Transactions, on September 19. Available online also at: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5540857/ [accessed in Wamena, Papua, Indonesia: April 21, 2018].

Hanlon, Edward Merrill. (2013). “Male Reproductive Strategies and Mating Displays in the Ocellated Turkey (Meleagris Ocellata)” in Electronic Theses and Dissertations, No.376. Available online also at: https://egrove.olemiss.edu/etd/376 [accessed in Wamena, Papua, Indonesia: April 8, 2018].

Huppert, F.A. & T.T.C. So. (2013). “Flourishing Across Europe: Application of a New Conceptual Framework for Defining Well-Being” in Social Indicators Research, Volume 110(3), December, pp.837-861. Available online also at: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3545194/ [accessed in Wamena, Papua, Indonesia: April 8, 2018].

Hurlock, E.B. (1994). Psikologi Perkembangan: Suatu Pendekatan Sepanjang Rentang Kehidupan. Jakarta: Penerbit Erlangga, Translation.

Inglehart, R. (2002). “Gender, Aging, and Subjective Well-Being” in International Journal of Comparative Sociology, Volume 43, pp.391-408.

Ismail, Rudihartono & Helmawati. (2018). Meningkatkan SDM Berkualitas melalui Pendidikan: Menyiapkan SDM Papua yang Berdaya Saing. Bandung: Penerbit Alfa Beta.

Johnson, R.A. & D.W. Wichern. (2002). Applied Multivariate Statistical Analysis. New Jersey, Upper Saddle River: Prentice Hall.

King, Peter. (2004). West Papua Since Suharto: Independence, Autonomy, or Chaos? Australia: University of New South Wales Press.

Lachmann, Bernd et al. (2018). “Contributing to Overall Life Satisfaction: Personality Traits Versus Life Satisfaction Variables Revisited—Is Replication Impossible?” in Behavioral Sciences, Volume 8(1). Available online also at: https://www.mdpi.com/2076-328X/8/1/1/htm [accessed in Wamena, Papua, Indonesia: February 5, 2019].

Leopold, Thomas. (2018). “Gender Differences in the Consequences of Divorce: A Study of Multiple Outcomes” in Demography, Volume 55(2), April, pp.769-797. Available online also at: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5992251/ [accessed in Wamena, Papua, Indonesia: April 21, 2019].

Levesque, R.J.R. (2011). “Sex Roles and Gender Roles” in R.J.R. Levesque [eds]. Encyclopedia of Adolescence. New York: Springer.

Likert, R. (1932). “A Technique for the Measurement of Attitudes” in Archives of Psychology, Volume 140, pp.1-55.

Marr, Carolyn. (2011). “Twenty-Two Years of Top-Down Resource Exploitation in Papua” in DtE: Down to Earth, on November. Available online also at: https://www.downtoearth-indonesia.org/story/twenty-two-years-top-down-resource-exploitation-papua [accessed in Wamena, Papua, Indonesia: April 1, 2018].

Maslow, Abraham H. (1996). “Critique of Self-Actualization Theory” in E. Hoffman [ed]. Future Visions: The Unpublished Papers of Abraham Maslow. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage, pp.26-32.

Medvedev, O.N. & C.E. Landhuis. (2018). “Exploring Constructs of Well-Being, Happiness, and Quality of Life” in PeerJ: Peer-Reviewed & Open Access Journal, Volume 6 [June]. Available online also at: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5985772/ [accessed in Wamena, Papua, Indonesia: April 1, 2019].

Misheva, Violeta. (2016). “What Determines Emotional Well-Being? The Role of Adverse Experiences: Evidence Using Twin Data” in Journal of Happiness Studies, Volume 17, Issue 5, pp.1921-1937. Available online also at: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10902-015-9678-9 [accessed in Wamena, Papua, Indonesia: April 8, 2018].

Moldovan, Christina P. (2017). “AM Happy Scale: Reliability and Validity of a Single-Item Measure of Happiness” in Loma Linda University Electronic Theses, Dissertations & Projects, No.438. Available online also at: http://scholarsrepository.llu.edu/etd/438 [accessed in Wamena, Papua, Indonesia: April 17, 2018].

Munro, Jenny. (2009). “Dreams Made Small: Humiliation and Education in a Dani Modernity”. Unpublished Ph.D. Thesis. Canberra: The Australian National University. Available online also at: http://papuaweb.org/dlib/s123/munro/_phd_no_images.pdf [accessed in Wamena, Papua, Indonesia: April 21, 2018].

Ngima, Wanjau Mary & Joanes Kyongo. (2013). “Contribution of Motivational Management to Employee Performance” in International Journal of Humanities and Social Science, Vol.3, No.14 [Special Issue – July]. Available online also at: http://www.ijhssnet.com/journals/Vol_3_No_14_Special_Issue_July_2013/26.pdf [accessed in Wamena, Papua, Indonesia: April 21, 2018].

Olsson, S. (2013). “Mining in Conflicted Lands: Lessons from Freeport-McMoRan in Indonesia” in International Financial Flows and the Environment: Best Practices for Transnational Investment in Extractive and Land Use Sectors. USA [United States of America]: School of International Service, American University, pp.13-43. Available online also at: https://www.american.edu/sis/gep/upload/wri-au-practicum-final-report-5-31-2013.pdf [accessed in Wamena, Papua, Indonesia: April 1, 2018].

Parpart, Jane L., M. Patricia Connelly & V. Eudine Barriteau [eds]. (2000). Theoretical Perspectives on Gender and Development. Ottawa, Canada: The International Development Research Centre. Available online also at: https://www.idrc.ca/sites/default/files/openebooks/272-4/index.html [accessed in Wamena, Papua, Indonesia: April 8, 2018].

Pavot, William & Ed Diener. (2008). “The Satisfaction With Life Scale and the Emerging Construct of Life Satisfaction” in Journal of Positive Psychology, Volume 3, pp.137-152.

Pavot, William & Ed Diener. (2009). “Review of the Satisfaction With Life Scale” in Ed Diener [ed]. Assessing Well-Being: The Collected Works of Ed Diener. USA [United States of America]: Springer Science+Business Media B.V. Available online also at: http://labs.psychology.illinois.edu/~ediener/Documents/Pavot-Diener_1993.pdf [accessed in Wamena, Papua, Indonesia: April 1, 2018].

Peterson, R.A. (2000). Constructing Effective Questionnaires. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Plotkin, Henry. (2011). “Human Nature, Cultural Diversity, and Evolutionary Theory”. Available online at: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3013468/ [accessed in Wamena, Papua, Indonesia: April 8, 2018].

Prasoon, Rituparna & K.R. Chaturvedi. (2016). “Life Satisfaction: A Literature Review” in THE RESEARCHER: International Journal of Management Humanities and Social Sciences, Volume 1(2), July-December. Available online also at: http://theresearcherjournal.org/pdfs/01021220163.pdf [accessed in Wamena, Papua, Indonesia: April 8, 2018].

Qian, Ge. (2015). “The Effect of Gender Equality on Happiness: Statistical Modeling and Analysis” in Health Care for Women International, Volume 38, Issue 2, pp.75-90. Available online also at: https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/07399332.2016.1198353?scroll=top&needAccess [accessed in Wamena, Papua, Indonesia: April 8, 2018].

Rainey, Larissa. (2014). “The Search for Purpose in Life: An Exploration of Purpose, the Search Process, and Purpose Anxiety” in Master of Applied Positive Psychology (MAPP) Capstone Projects, Volume 60. Available online also at: http://repository.upenn.edu/mapp_capstone/60 [accessed in Wamena, Papua, Indonesia: April 1, 2018].

Rathi, N. (2011). “Psychological Well-Being and Organizational Commitment: Exploration of the Relationship” in Working Paper, No.106. Available online also at: http://www.amrita.edu/sdg/pdf/ASB%20Working%20paper [accessed in Wamena, Papua, Indonesia: April 17, 2018].

Rodriguez-Fernandez, R. et al. (2016). “The Double Burden of Disease among Mining Workers in Papua, Indonesia: At the Crossroads between Old and New Health Paradigms” in BMC Public Health, Volume 16(1), September. Available online also at: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5016925/ [accessed in Wamena, Papua, Indonesia: April 1, 2018].

Sandhua, Kamal Jeet & Nidhi Gurbaxani. (2013). “Life Satisfaction and Role Efficacy as Predictors of Transactional Styles” in Psychological Thought, Volume 6(2), pp.326-338, doi:10.5964/psyct.v6i2.79. Available online also at: https://psyct.psychopen.eu/article/viewFile/79/pdf [accessed in Wamena, Papua, Indonesia: April 1, 2018].

Seligman, M., C. Peterson & N. Park. (2005). “Orientation to Happiness and Life Satisfaction: The Full Life Versus the Empty Life” in Journal of Happiness Studies, Volume 6, pp.25-41.

Sen, A. & M. Srivastava. (2011). Regression Analysis: Theory, Methods, and Applications. Berlin: Springer-Verlag, 4th printing.

Short, S.E., Y.C. Yang & T.M. Jenkins. (2013). “Sex, Gender, Genetics, and Health” in American Journal of Public Health, Volume 103, Supplement 1 [October], pp.s93-s101. Available online also at: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3786754/ [accessed in Wamena, Papua, Indonesia: April 8, 2018].

Sliwinski, Zbigniew et al. (2014). “Life Satisfaction and Risk of Burnout among Men And Women Working as Physiotherapists” in International Journal of Occupational Medicine and Environmental Health, Volume 27(3), pp.400-412.

Stevenson, Betsey & Justin Wolfers. (2008). “The Paradox of Declining Female Happiness”. Available online at: https://law.yale.edu/sites/default/files/documents/pdf/Intellectual_Life/Stevenson_ParadoxDecliningFemaleHappiness_Dec08.pdf [accessed in Wamena, Papua, Indonesia: April 21, 2018].

Sumaatmadja, Nursyid. (2000). Manusia dalam Konteks Sosial-Budaya dan Lingkungan Hidup. Bandung: Penerbit Alfabeta.

Sunyoto, D. (2007). Analisis Regresi dan Kolerasi Bivariat: Ringkasan dan Kasus. Yogyakarta: Amara Books.

Suyono, Joko & Sri Wiwoho Mudjanarko. (2017). “Motivation Engineering to Employee by Employees Abraham Maslow Theory” in JETL: Journal of Education, Teaching, and Learning, Vol.2, No.1 [March], pp.86-92. Available online also at: https://media.neliti.com/media/publications/181300-EN-motivation-engineering-to-employee-by-em.pdf [accessed in Wamena, Papua, Indonesia: April 21, 2018].

Ugwu, N.U. & B. de Kok. (2015). “Socio-Cultural Factors, Gender Roles and Religious Ideologies Contributing to Caesarian-Section Refusal in Nigeria” in Reproductive Health, Volume 12:70 [August]. Available online also at: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4534149/ [accessed in Wamena, Papua, Indonesia: April 8, 2018].

Upton, Stuart. (2009). “The Impact of Migration on the People of Papua, Indonesia: A Historical Demographic Analysis”. Unpublished Ph.D. Thesis. Australia: Department of History and Philosophy, University of New South Wales.

van Beuningen, Jacqueline. (2012). The Satisfaction With Life Scale Examining Construct Validity. The Hague/Heerlen: Statistics Netherlands.

Vassar, Matt. (2008). “A Note on the Score Reliability for the Satisfaction with Life Scale: An RG Study” in Social Indicators Research, Vol.86, No.1 [March], pp.47-57. Available online also at: https://www.jstor.org/stable/27734603?seq=1 [accessed in Wamena, Papua, Indonesia: April 17, 2018].

Vorina, Anton. (2013). “The Relationship between Satisfaction With Life and Employee Engagement” in JPMNT: Journal of Process Management – New Technologies, International, Vol.1, No.2. Available online also at: https://scindeks-clanci.ceon.rs/data/pdf/2334-735X/2013/2334-735X1302077V.pdf [accessed in Wamena, Papua, Indonesia: April 17, 2018].

Wang, Wangshuai et al. (2017). “Achievement Goals and Life Satisfaction: The Mediating Role of Perception of Successful Agency and the Moderating Role of Emotion Reappraisal” in Psicologia: Reflexao e Critica, Volume 30:25, pp.1-12. Available online also at: http://www.scielo.br/pdf/prc/v30/0102-7972-prc-s41155-017-0078-4.pdf [accessed in Wamena, Papua, Indonesia: April 1, 2018].

WHO [World Health Organization]. (2002). “Gender: Definitions”. Available online at: http://www.euro.who.int/en/health-topics/health-determinants/gender/gender-definitions [accessed in Wamena, Papua, Indonesia: April 8, 2018].

Wilson, Forbes. (1981). The Conquest of Copper Mountain. New York: Atheneum.

Yang, Y. (2008). “Long and Happy Living: Trends and Patterns of Happy Life Expectancy in the U.S., 1970–2000” in Social Sciences Research, Volume 37(4), pp.1235-1252. Available online also at: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3609702/ [accessed in Wamena, Papua, Indonesia: April 21, 2018].

Yaremtchuk, S.V. (2014). “Age, Gender, and Life Satisfaction in Early Adulthood in the Far East of Russia” in Life Science Journal, Volume 11(11s).




DOI: https://doi.org/10.2121/.v2i1.1253

DOI (PDF): https://doi.org/10.2121/.v2i1.1253.g1084

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2020 HONAI


View My Stats