Model Values in the Story of Abdussamad: A Study on Historical Narrative in an Islamic Sundanese Manuscript

I Syarief Hidayat

Abstract


ABSTRACT: The ISM (Islamic Sundanese Manuscript) is a written legacy containing various information about Sundanese people's lives in the past. ISM was born from the development of writing culture with Arabic script. Among the manuscripts of the story is the manuscript of HWA (Hikayat Wawacan Abdussamad or the Story of Abdussamad). Using historical methods, qualitative approaches, and literature review, this article discusses the contents of HWA, namely in the form of historical stories that illustrate the value of exemplary and lessons about the example of Caliph Umar ibn al-Khattab with his determination as a Caliph and as a father who trying to uphold God's law fairly and wisely by passing 140 lashes to his favorite son, namely Abdussamad, according to Islamic Sharia rules; and a valuable lesson is found in the person of Abdussamad, that the return of consciousness had restored his faith and repented asking for forgiveness from Allah Almighty. The content of this historical story is very useful in providing valuable lessons for rulers, especially law enforcers in carrying out their duties towards the implementation of correct, fair, and wise laws.

KEY WORD: Islamic Sundanese Manuscript; Story of Abdussamad; Caliph of Umar ibn al-Khattab; Exemplary Value in Upholding Truth and Justice. 

INTISARI: “Nilai-Nilai Keteladanan dalam Kisah Abdussamad: Studi Narasi Historis dalam Naskah Sunda Islami”. NSI (Naskah Sunda Islami) merupakan peninggalan tertulis yang memuat berbagai informasi tentang kehidupan masyarakat Sunda pada masa silam. NSI lahir dari perkembangan budaya menulis dengan aksara Arab/Pegon. Di antara naskah-naskah hikayat ini adalah naskah HWA (Hikayat Wawacan Abdussamad). Dengan menggunakan metode historis, pendekatan kualitatif, dan sorotan literatur, artikel ini membahas tentang kandungan HWA, yakni berupa cerita sejarah yang menggambarkan nilai keteladanan dan pelajaran tentang Khalifah Umar ibn al-Khattab dengan ketegasannya sebagai seorang Khalifah dan sebagai ayah yang berusaha menegakkan hukum Allah dengan adil dan bijaksana dengan menjatuhkan hukuman cambuk 140 kali kepada putra kesayangannya, yakni Abdussamad, sesuai dengan aturan syariat Islam; dan pelajaran berharga terdapat pada pribadi Abdussamad, bahwa kembalinya kesadaran itu telah memulihkan imannya dan bertobat memohon ampunan kepada Allah SWT (Subhanahu Wa-Ta’ala). Kandungan cerita sejarah ini sangat berguna dalam memberikan pelajaran berharga bagi para penguasa, khususnya para penegak hukum dalam melaksanakan tugasnya menuju pelaksanaan hukum yang benar, adil, dan bijaksana.

KATA KUNCI: Naskah Sunda Islami; Hikayat Abdussamad; Khalifah Umar ibn al-Khattab; Nilai Keteladanan dalam Menegakkan Kebenaran dan Keadilan. 

About the Author: Prof. Dr. I. Syarief Hidayat is a Lecturer at the Department of Arabic, Faculty of Humanities UNPAD (Padjadjaran University) Bandung, Jalan Raya Bandung-Sumedang km.21, Jatinangor, Sumedang, West Java, Indonesia. For academic purposes, the Author is able to be contacted via his e-mail address at: ishidayat@gmail.com

Suggested Citation: Hidayat, I. Syarief. (2018). “Model Values in the Story of Abdussamad: A Study on Historical Narrative in an Islamic Sundanese Manuscript” in HISTORIA: Jurnal Kajian Sejarah di Nusantara dan Dunia, Volume 1(1), December, pp.51-64. Bandung, Indonesia: Minda Masagi Press owned by ASPENSI, p-ISSN 2621-8011 dan e-ISSN 2621-802X. 

Article Timeline: Received (July 3, 2018); Revised (October 28, 2018); and Published (December 30, 2018).


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